MacBook BGA PCIe SSD Modules - Its Inevitable

Samsung BGA Solid-State Drive
About the size of an SD flash memory card or postage stamp and weighing just 1 gram, the new Ball Grid Array (BGA) SSD form factor is almost an inevitability for eventual use in MacBook laptops and Apple iPads.

About a fourth the size of currently typical 22mm x 80mm M.2 PCIe SDS modules, two of the emerging BGA SSD sizes are 12mm x 14mm or 16mm x 20mm. This space savings matter. With motherboards shrinking in size drastically, much of the available space in a notebook or tablet are now devoted to batteries, and that's just that much more space that using a BGA SSD will leave for higher capacity batteries.

Some of the more immediate benefits of BGA solid-state drives will be better heat dissipation directly through the motherboard's surface. Able to operate a lower voltages down to 1.8v, the amount of heat generated will be significantly reduced as well - while still delivering the astonishing Read/Write speeds that PCIe flash memory is capable of.

Samsung's already begun high-capacity production of 3, 16mm x 20mm Ball Grid Array modules in 128 GB, 256 GB, and 512 GB capacities using 48-layer MLC V-NAND that can deliver up to 1500MB/s Read speeds. And you can bet Apple's already testing them in lab prototypes of MacBook and iPads. When such products reach market isn't far off.

Mac Compatible mSATA SSD Drive Upgrade Options

Pondering an Apple computer solid-state drive upgrade that uses a mSATA SSD form-factor? Although Apple NEVER used this type of widely standardized SSD card in any of it's computers, they were and still are very common in PC notebooks. That said, there's still ways to for Mac users take advantage of their small size and speed.

Mac Compatible Samsung EVO mSATA SSD

50mm - 2" Solid State Drive Module

For those with older MacBook's or Mac mini's that used conventional 2.5 inch SATA notebook drives, a very affordable 2.5" SATA to mSATA adapter can be used to retrofit a mSATA card to a standard laptop drive form.

Syba Laptop Drive Enclosure

mSATA To 2.5" Converter

There are also Apple users who might want to explore mSATA based SSD backup drives for their OSX setup. Ready made storage solutions often referred to as 'Pocket Drives' can be bought in a variety of standard 128GB / 256GB / 512GB / 1TB capacities. They can be used formatted as-is for cross-platform PC/Mac use - or reformatted in Apple's disk utility for optimal use strictly on Macintosh systems.

MyDigital mSATA SSD USB3 Drive Enclosure

High-Speed UASP Protocol Support

You might want to cobble together your own mSATA Mac backup drive using any number of USB 3.0 or USB 3.1 Type-C interface mSATA module drive enclosures available for only $10-$20. Note, make sure 'UASP' protocol is supported in the enclosure to insure your solid-state Apple mSATA based backup drive performs optimally and gets the best data transfer rates possible.

5 Portable SSD ThunderBolt External Drive Recommendations

Shopping for a swift, cool and silent portable ThunderBolt SSD external backup drive for your Apple MacBook? Here are 5 compact and mobile 10Gbps ThunderBolt solid-state drives to fit the bill for rugged data storage needs when you travel - or as a fast, minimal backup solution for any ThunderBolt enabled Macintosh desktop computer.

SiliconPower Mini ThunderBolt SSD

Smallest Portable ThunderBolt Solid-State Drive

1. The size of a matchbox, the world's smallest eternal ThunderBolt SSD might be ideal paired with an Apple MacBook Air for ultimate mobility. 120GB and 240GB capacities from SiliconPower.

Akitio Portable ThunderBolt RAID SSD

Dual Solid-State MSATA Modules

2. The fastest portable SSD ThunderBolt solution ever uses 2 mSATA solid-state modules in a RAID 0 Striped Array for over 700+ MBps performance ideal for MacBook using Videographers and heavy Photographer needs. It also supports a RAID 1 Mirrored configuration from Akitio.

Portable SSD ThunderBolt From Monster Digital

With Integrated ThunderBolt Cable

3. Slim and affordable, this solid-state mobile ThunderBolt drive with attached cable delivers great bang for the buck - from Monster.

Transcend Portable SSD Drive

Preformatted For Mac - Capacity To 1TB

4. The very price-competitive portable ThunderBolt solid-state drive is pre-formatted for Mac OSX right out of the box. From Transcend.

LaCie Combo Interface Portable SSD

Integrated ThunderBolt Cable + USB 3.0 Port

5. One of the first to market, this very orange ThunderBolt SSD also features a SuperSpeed USB3 port for use with a wide variety of Apple computers. From LaCie.

All told, there's a reasonable selection of compact and highly mobile ThunderBolt storage devices available that leverage the high Read/Write speeds of flash memory based solid-state technology. If you can afford the slight price-premium over USB 3, they're a great way to take advantage of the often under-used ThunderBolt port(s) on your Apple computer.

Cutting-Edge USB-C SSD Backup Drives For Apple MacBooks

USB 3.1 Type-C Macinotsh computer drive products are arriving to market quickly. If you're looking for a MacBook, Mini or iMac compatible SSD backup drive to take advantage of the new SuperSpeed Plus specification, there's already a wide variety of Apple-friendly storage solutions available. USB-C enclosures for DIY USB 3.1 Mac backup drives also provide a wide range of options for building your own Mac SSD backup drive.

Samsung T5 USB-C Portable SSD Drive

Starting At $100 USD Capacities To 2TB

LaCie was first to announce an Apple-friendly backup drive with a native USB 3.1 Type-C interface. However, Samsung has been very, very aggressive in both coming to market and extremely low price points for 250GB to 2TB of solid-state drive capacity. And don't forget, Samsung's SSD's benchmark at the top of the charts with excellent performance few competitor's can match.

The Samsung T5 drive featured above comes with BOTH a USB Type-C to USB 3.0 Type A cable and a Type-A to Type-A cable as well for use on a wider variety of new and older computers. It features Read speeds up to 540/MBps pretty much maxing-out and fully leveraging the SATA III SSD module's bandwidth.

Who Makes A Cheap DIY External ThunderBolt SSD Drive Enclosure?

Looking for a cheap Thunderbolt SSD enclosure to assemble your own DIY external ThunderBolt SSD backup drive for your Mac at a low cost? It's hard to put the words 'cheap' and 'ThunderBolt' in the same sentence due to the cost of licensing Intel's ThunderBolt or ThunderBolt 2 chipset. For nearly any drive or enclosure product on the market, ThunderBolt adds $50, $75, $100+ over the cost of a comparable USB 3.X drive case.

2.5" SATA ThunderBolt SSD Enclosure

Ruggedized + Integrated TBolt Cable

That said, for those who want the utmost in performance (especially for multi-drive ThunderBolt SSD RAID arrays) ThunderBolt is the way to go to FULLY maximize a solid-state drive's potential Read / Write speeds without some of the additional overhead and limitations of USB protocol.

Currently the most affordable choice is G-Technologies ruggedized 2.5" SATA ThunderBolt drive case that comes with a short but integrated ThunderBolt cable that tucks away when needed. Paired with any of the top performing SATA III solid-state drives currently available it's quite possible to come up with a DIY drive for Mac OSX or Apple's TimeMachine for $200 or so.

In the earliest days of ThunderBolt, Seagate's ThunderBolt 2.5" drive SLED was the only and most affordable option. You could simply press a 2.5" SATA drive (HDD or Solid-State) onto the standard edge connector and have an instant DIY ThunderBolt SSD drive ready to go.

MacBook Pro Compatible SSD Drive Upgrade Recommendations

With nearly eighty percent of all Mac computers sold Apple's venerable MacBook is the most likely candidate for a Mac compatible SSD drive upgrade. For many older MacBooks (and even iBook's) there's a huge range of off-the-shelf 2.5" IDE and SATA laptop-sized drives that make an ultra-fast drive swap a highly compelling upgrade.

Samsung's Top-Performing Evo SATA III SSD

Insanely Great Performance - 5 Year Warranty

Although many older Apple laptop models may now be limited as to which version of Mac OSX they're capable of running, when properly formatted for MacOS there's no denying a MacBook Pro SSD upgrade can breathe unprecedented new life and performance into any aging Mac. Thanks to backward compatibility, even older SATA I and SATA II MacBooks will perform as best they can with a fully compatible 2.5" solid-state SATA III drive that's the norm of what's currently shipping.

Dirt Cheap SATA SSD For MacBooks

High-Performance At Low-Cost

Things get more challenging with newer MacBooks starting in 2012 and beyond as Apple started transitioning away from 2.5" hard drives to custom pin-out SSD drive MODULES. Look to OWC - Other World Computing and Transcend for 3rd-party aftermarket Apple compatible SSD module upgrades - though note they're very MODEL-SPECIFIC depending on the year it was released and whether it's a Pro or Air MacBook - shop carefully! Use Apple System Profiler to identify your exact MacBook model name and numbers.

MacBook Pro SSD Upgrade Kit

Solid-State Module + USB 3 SSD Enclosure

More recently, as in 2014 and later, Apple began the shift away from the Serial ATA - SATA interface towards the much more robust and higher-bandwidth PCIe connectivity. PCIe is poised to be the dominant solid-state drive interface for the next 5 years and beyond. But once again, custom pin-outs from Apple will severely limit your aftermarket SSD drive upgrade choices.

Best External SSD Drive For Mac Backups and TimeMachine

Shopping for the most affordable or best external solid-state backup solution for backing up your Mac or for use with Apple TimeMachine? Need extra storage capacity for large video, music or photo libraries that just won't fit on your Mac's internal drive?

With recent, major price drops on the cost of solid-state storage, even high-capacity USB 3.0 external SSD drives are within reach of even a budget conscious consumer. With aggressive pricing, LaCie's 120GB solid-state portable drive is now prices under $100 USD. Larger capacities offer even lower cost-per-gigabyte for USB enabled Apple computers old or new.

Cheap LaCie USB 3.0 Solid-State Drive

Read Speeds Up To 400Mbps

For the most affordability, the best external SSD drive for your Mac laptop or desktop is a USB 3.X solid-state drive. Backward compatible with slower USB 2.0 (and even USB 1.1 ports when needed) they offer low-cost opportunities to step into the fast lane of SSD storage. And, at least with single-drive solutions, they offer comparable data transfer rates to ThunderBolt without the additional expense that buying a ThunderBolt drive entails.

Apple Compatible M.2 SSD For MacBook Pro-Air Adapters

M.2 PCIe Adapter For MacBook Pro
Shopping for a DIY MacBook Pro or Air M.2 SSD drive upgrade solution? There are quite a few SATA III and PCIe adapters currently shipping that might help you convert many industry-standard M.2 solid-state drive modules to the custom pinouts Apple uses in it's MacBook Air and Pro laptops.

With a combination of the right M.2 adapter and the proper SSD blade you MIGHT be able to cobble a working solution that's compatible with your Mac laptop at a lower price or for better performance than you'd get with OWC's or Transcend's custom-made solid-state modules for Apple laptops.

MacBook Air M2 PCIe SSD Adapter

For Toshiba / Samsung SSD Modules

Might is the key word here. As I look at the various M.2 SSD adapter cards (whether they're PCIe or SATA III based) - It quickly becomes very complicated and confusing. Exactly which Year / Models of MacBook? For Pro or Air? PCI or SATA? X2 or X4 speed PCIe? What Brands / Part #'s of Samsung, Kingston,Toshiba, SanDisk, etc. SSD modules are or aren't supported? What size / length? Are they bootable with Mac OSX as a startup disk or not?

M.2 SATA MacBook Air SSD Adapter

For 2010-2011 MacBook Air Models

As I researched the MacBook compatible solid-state drive adapter products and market - even I became utterly confused by many of the often very 'Chinese-y' descriptions which fail to clarify things in a way the average Apple consumer could even comprehend:

"About MacBook Air SSD interface standard: 1: 2010 and 2011 version MacBook Air SSD is 6+12 pin, only one side have contact, size is 109 mm*24 mm. It's SATA interface. 2: 2012 version MacBook Air SSD is 7+17 pin, size is 109 mm*24 mm. 2012 version MacBook Pro SSD is 7+17 pin, size is 89 mm*33 mm. It's SATA interface. 3: 2013 and 2014 and 2015 version MacBook Air SSD is both side have contact, one side is 16+12 pin, the other side is 11+14 pin, size is 89 mm*24 mm. It's PCIe X4 interface. 4: 2013 and 2014 and 2015 version MacBook Pro SSD is both side have contact, one side is 16+12 pin, the other side is 11+14 pin, size is 89 mm*33 mm. It's PCIe X4 interface."

All things considered, this market is just too deep and complex and filled with too many variables for me to cover well. True hardware upgrade nerds groove on figuring all these specifics out and performing the upgrade themselves. But the average Mac user just wants a simple, affordable solution. For them I simply recommend whatever off the shelf, direct plug in Apple spec modules they can order from Transcend or OWC and leave the adapter / retrofit M.2 SSD Apple solutions to the kind of guys that prefer cheaper DIY complexity over retail solutions.

Recommended MacBook Air Compatible SSD Drive Options

Shopping for a larger or faster MacBook Air solid state drive? There's many options to upgrade your MacBook Air SSD but it's a long - and complicated journey. Since it's first introduction, the MacBook Air has evolved from 1.8" PATA-IDE to 1.8" SATA drives to custom mini M.2 SATA module now on to custom mini PCIe interface SSD blades. As such, using Apple's System Profiler and the model # imprinted under your MacBook Air is essential to ascertaining EXACTLY which kind of SSD blade / module / drive might be appropriate for your upgrade.

Because of the evolving interface changes and lack of critical mass marketshare for any one particular MacBook Air model, the number of aftermarket SSD upgrades is rather constrained. Apple's use of non-standard pinouts in it's modules/blades didn't help either. Apple eschewed using standard M.2 or MSATA sockets that the Windows PC world widely embraced in laptops and netbooks.

OWC has long had the lion's share of aftermarket solid-state drive upgrades for MacBook Air computers. More recently, Transcend International has begun to compete in this space since they were the OEM supplier for many of Apple's modules in the first place. Transcend and Samsung were the primary OEMs for Apple's factory installed SSD's. Transcend decided to pursue the consumer market with working, Apple compatible SSD module designs already done.

Both OWC and Transcend not only offer the larger and usually faster SSD blades - but sell them as upgrade kits with an accompanying USB 3.0 mini blade enclosure to help with the OSX system transfer - and to let you use your older, smaller module as a Mac backup drive.

Should You Upgrade Your Older Mac To An SSD - Or Wait?

Is it feasible to upgrade your particular Mac model to a solid-state drive? It depends a lot on exactly WHICH desktop Macintosh or MacBook model you own. Technology's march is pretty relentless and Apple's penchant for staying close to the bleeding edge makes it a challenge.

Face it, the average consumer doesn't necessarily have the skills, the tools, or the nerve to perform their own Mac SSD upgrade. On some models it's actually quite trivial, takes only a few minutes and doesn't require much in the way of tech skills. You just need straightforward, step-by-step instructions. Other Mac models, even I wouldn't attempt. Some require quite a bit of disassembly before you can even physically get to the internal (usually) hard drive to even make the swap.

With the miniaturization of so many computer components, the connectors are ever more delicate, the screws insanely short and tiny, and often special driver bits are needed as more unusual star, tri-lobe and torx screw heads are used. It can make take-apart's quite challenging and nerve-wracking. No thanks!

For some, an SSD that's built-in or a Build-To-Order option on their NEXT MacBook or Mac desktop system is the way to go. I've pondered upgrading my 2012 MacBook Air's SSD from 64GB to 128GB for much needed elbow room. But this 4 year old laptop is getting tired, the keyboard is worn and getting unreliable and it's just smarter to look forward than to try to teach this old dog any new tricks.

Apple Compatible Solid-State Drive Hardware

Here at we've been tracking Apple compatible SSD drives and the flash memory storage scene for many years: Long before Apple even began using solid-state drives in it's computers.

SSD storage had a long, slow evolution initially -- but then advances and changes accelerated at a mind-blowing pace. Once seen as too limited in storage capacity and far too expensive for consumer use, flash memory based storage was initially only affordable or viable in rugged military or industrial environments or as a supplement to supercomputing environs where speed mattered most.

When the consumer solid-state storage market finally exploded, it's been a challenge to keep up with. Changing price/performance curves, advancing interface connectivity methods and more make this an incredibly dynamic marketplace to track. Even I struggle to keep up with the evolution of the consumer SSD space, but I do try - and share what I know to help other Apple computer owners make more informed purchase decisions about internal and external SSD computing hardware.